Solzhenitsyn, Aleksandr Isayevich

Solzhenitsyn, Aleksandr Isayevich
   Novelist, historian, and nationalist ideologue. Born to a young widow in Kislovodsk on 11 December 1918, Solzhenitsyn’s youth was shaped by the Russian Civil War and the subsequent collectivization of his family’s farm. He studied mathematics at Rostov State University before serving in the Red Army during World War II. In 1945, in a personal letter, a passing reference to Joseph Stalin’s conduct of the war resulted in Solzhenitsyn’s arrest for distributing anti-Soviet propaganda; he was sentenced to eight years of hard labor and internal exile thereafter. His experiences in the gulag served as inspiration for his novels The First Circle, The Cancer Ward, The Gulag Archipelago, and One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich. While the latter text was published with the backing of Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev, Solzhenitsyn was ultimately declared a nonperson in response to the international controversy generated by his novels. He was deported to West Germany in 1974; he then moved to Vermont in the United States, where he lived in semi-isolation, railing against the dangers of Communism while harshly condemning Western culture as spiritually bankrupt. In 1990, his citizenship was restored; he returned to Russia in 1994. His polemic views on Soviet history, anti-Semitism, condemnation of democracy, and belief in Russian supremacy kept him in the political spotlight long after the dismantling of the gulags. Solzhenitsyn, while not actively involved in politics, has served as an intellectual anchor for the resurgence of Russian Orthodoxy, rejection of Western values, and a reconstitution of an all-Russia state including Ukraine, Belarus, and northern Kazakhstan. For several years, he headed a Sunday morning television show that discussed the issues of morality and nationalism; the program became quite controversial and was discontinued. Solzhenitsyn died from heart failure at the age of 89.

Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation. . 2010.

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  • Solzhenitsyn,Aleksandr Isayevich — Sol·zhe·ni·tsyn (sōl zhə nētʹsĭn, səl zhə nyēʹtsĭn), Aleksandr Isayevich. Born 1918. Soviet writer and dissident whose works, including One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich (1962) and The Gulag Archipelago (1973 1975), exposed the brutality of… …   Universalium

  • Solzhenitsyn, Aleksandr Isayevich — ▪ 2009       Russian novelist and historian born Dec. 11, 1918, Kislovodsk, Russia died Aug. 3, 2008, Troitse Lykovo, near Moscow, Russia was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1970, but he declined to go to Stockholm to receive the prize… …   Universalium

  • Solzhenitsyn, Aleksandr Isayevich — (1918– )    Arrested while serving as an artillery captain at the front in 1945, Solzhenitsyn was sentenced to eight years imprisonment for his criticism of Joseph Stalin. Over the next eight years, he served his sentence in jails and forced… …   Historical dictionary of Russian and Soviet Intelligence

  • Solzhenitsyn, Aleksandr (Isayevich) — born Dec. 11, 1918, Kislovodsk, Russia Russian novelist and historian. He fought in World War II but was arrested in 1945 for criticizing Joseph Stalin. He spent eight years in prisons and labour camps and three more in enforced exile. With One… …   Universalium

  • SOLZHENITSYN, Aleksandr Isayevich — (1918 )    Russian novelist and CHRISTIAN thinker who was imprisoned and sent to a labor camp in Siberia for disrespectful references to STALIN. Released in 1953 he and wrote One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich (1962) followed by The Gulag… …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Aleksandr Isayevich Solzhenitsyn — Solschenizyn in Wladiwostok, 1994 Alexander Issajewitsch Solschenizyn (russisch Александр Исаевич Солженицын, wiss. Transliteration Aleksandr Isaevič Solženicyn [səɫʒɨ nʲitsɨn]; * 11. Dezember …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn — This name uses Eastern Slavic naming customs; the patronymic is Isayevich and the family name is Solzhenitsyn. Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn After returning to Russia from exile in 1994. Born Aleksandr Isayevich Solzhenitsyn 11 December 1918( …   Wikipedia

  • Aleksandr — (as used in expressions) Aleksandr Pavlovich Aleksandr Nikolayevich Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Blok Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Borodin Aleksandr Porfiryevich Glazunov Aleksandr Konstantinovich Gorchakov Aleksandr Mikhailovich Prince Gorsky Aleksandr… …   Universalium

  • Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn — en Vladivostok en 1994 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Solzhenitsyn — [sōl΄zhə nēt′sin] Aleksandr (Isayevich) 1918 ; Russ. writer, esp. of novels: in the U.S. 1976 94 …   English World dictionary

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